Historical Highlights 1900AD-2000AD

1901:

Pentecostal movement emerges, largely an offspring of the Holiness Movement, focuses on “Spirit baptism” (post-conversion) and speaking in tongues

1906:

William Seymour leads the Azusa Street Revival, early instants of Pentecostalism

1909:

Scofield Reference Bible, a KJV bible with dispensational interpretation notes

1910:

The Fundamentals are published, 12 volume series, mostly apologetic in nature opposing the growing liberal, biblical criticism movement

1913:

The “oneness” or “Jesus only” Pentecostals, baptize without recognizing Trinity

1921:

Princeton Theological Seminary goes liberal, one of the last mainline seminaries to do so, conservative (Reformed) faculty leave and begin Westminster Theological Seminary

1922:

Mary, Mediatrix of All Graces, Rome’s teaching that Mary is co-mediator, making her a powerful intercessor in heaven for mankind

1923:

J. Gresham Machen publishes Christianity and Liberalism, he argues masterfully that historic Christianity and liberalism are irreconcilable and two distinct religions

1927:

Aimee Semple McPherson founds the Foursquare Church; the General Assembly of the Pres. Church in the US says it cannot authoritatively determine what the “essentials” of the Christian faith are

1934:

Cameron Townsend founds Bible translator school, soon becomes Wycliffe

1942:

C.S. Lewis publishes Screwtape Letters (one of over 40 books published)

1945:

Several para-church organizations get their start-up (YFC, YL, Navigators, etc.); Midtribulationnism, belief the church will remain through first half of the Great Tribulation

1947:

Fuller Theol. Seminary founded, Oral Roberts begins revival ministry, Dead Sea Scrolls found

1949:

Inerrancy Controversy begins, proponents assert that Bible is true in matters of faith, history, ethics, and description of the world

1950:

An emphasis on individual, experiential Christianity begins (and is still going), many renewal movements promoting personal spirituality, religious self-help books, and personal study Bibles emphasized

1954:

Methodist church begins to ordain women

1956:

Presbyterian church begins to ordain women; Jim Elliot is martyred in Ecuador

1960:

Charismatic movement (Neo-Pentecostalism), emphasizes sign gifts, it doesn’t make Pentecostalism’s connection between tongues and the baptism of the Spirit

1961:

Christian Reconstructionism: God’s OT law incorporated beyond just His moral law

1962:

Rome’s Vatican II sanctions laity receiving the cup and vernacular liturgy

1963:

Madalyn Murray O’Hair’s Supreme Court victory removes the Bible and prayer from schools

1965:

Bill Bright (of Campus Crusade) publishes the Four Spiritual Laws (billion copies)

1967:

Fuller Theological Seminary drops inerrancy clause from its doctrinal statement

1968:

Jesus Movement begins, a youth-oriented Christian counter-culture movement

1970:

Hal Lindsey’s Late Great Planet Earth; Lutheran church begins to ordain women

1973:

Abortion on demand becomes legal in Roe v. Wade; TBN begins with goal of world- wide TV network; PCA forms in response to biblical authority and women’s ordination

1976:

Harold Lindsell’s Battle for the Bible

1977:

James Dobson founds Focus on the Family

1979:

Homosexuality and ordination becomes growing issue for most main-line churches

1980:

Women make up 21% of all seminary students in US

1982:

NKJV of the Bible and the Reader’s Digest Bible (60% of Bible’s original length)

1983:

National Council of Churches releases “inclusive language lectionary” with God referred to as “Father and Mother”

1987:

Jim Bakker and PTL scandal

1994:

The “Toronto Blessing,” a Toronto Vineyard church attracts 1.2 million over 4 years to ecstatic, uncontrolled experiences; “Casual churches” and “Mega churches” spring up, seeing themselves as providing religious needs and becoming social/cultural centers as well

1997:

ERC holds its first Lord’s Day worship service!
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