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Historical Highlights 1600AD-1700AD

July 17, 2010

1600: Confessional “box” becomes common in Roman churches 1605: Christmas trees are first mentioned (Strasburg) 1607: John Smith founds first English colony at Jamestown, Virginia 1609: Anglican preacher turned Separatist, John Smyth baptizes the first “Baptists,” they were influenced by the Anabaptist movement 1611: Publication of the King James Bible (Authorized Version), prepared by 54 scholars working for four years, a work of “literary beauty and scholarship” 1612: Calvinism vs. Arminianism debate surfaces again (Augustine vs. Pelagius from 5th century), two central issues: has the Fall impaired man’s ability to know and choose God (yes!); and whether salvation can be…

Historical Highlights 1700AD-1800AD

July 17, 2010

1700: By this time, Latin is used only in academic settings and in Roman Catholic documents and liturgy; Reformed churches use vernacular liturgy 1701: Yale is founded by conservative Congregationalists (Cotton Mather) 1703: John Wesley and Jonathan Edwards are born 1707: Charles Wesley born; Isaac Watts publishes Hymns and Spiritual Songs, included in it are hymns When I Survey the Wondrous Cross, O, God, our Help in Ages Past, and Joy to the World—Watts moves away from literal psalm translation to hymnody that expresses the doctrine and thoughts of the Psalms and Scripture 1715: George Whitefield born 1716: China bans…

Historical Highlights 1800AD-1899AD

July 17, 2010

1801: Second Great Awakening begins at Cane Ridge Revival 1804: Barton Stone and several of his followers break all denominational ties and begin calling themselves merely “Christian—beginning of the “Restoration Movement” 1807: British Parliament votes to abolish slave trade due in large part to William Wilberforce 1809: Restoration Movement (Primitivism)—it takes a prominent place in American Christianity. It is propelled by the desire to return to “NT Christianity” and purge the church of history (confessions/creeds) and tradition—Thomas and Alexander Campbell are key players with Stone 1812: Princeton Theology (Reformed Confessionalism); Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, A.A. Hodge, B.B. Warfield, and J.…

Historical Highlights 1900AD-2000AD

July 17, 2010

1901: Pentecostal movement emerges, largely an offspring of the Holiness Movement, focuses on “Spirit baptism” (post-conversion) and speaking in tongues 1906: William Seymour leads the Azusa Street Revival, early instants of Pentecostalism 1909: Scofield Reference Bible, a KJV bible with dispensational interpretation notes 1910: The Fundamentals are published, 12 volume series, mostly apologetic in nature opposing the growing liberal, biblical criticism movement 1913: The “oneness” or “Jesus only” Pentecostals, baptize without recognizing Trinity 1921: Princeton Theological Seminary goes liberal, one of the last mainline seminaries to do so, conservative (Reformed) faculty leave and begin Westminster Theological Seminary 1922: Mary, Mediatrix…